The diagnosis “rubella” is made usually just when the child had direct contact to the infected. Besides, the patient usually has characteristic rashes and lymph-node hyperplasia becomes perceptible. Blood test, which is taken from vein for check on antibodies availability, proves the diagnosis. Such analysis is done in the first two days of the disease or ten days later after onset of the illness. The four times increased quantity of antiviral antibodies in the blood testifies in favor of rubella.
Rubella is treated on an outpatient basis. For this period the bed rest is obligatory, no special treatment is prescribed; application of symptomatic drugs for elimination of the aggravated disease symptoms is sometimes possible. If complication resulted from the disease, the patient is subjected to obligatory hospitalization.
Rubella most often passes without complications, treatment outcome is usually favorable, it is impossible to catch repeated rubella. In order the infection would not extend further, the diseased person is placed under quarantine isolating him from people around for five days from the moment of the first rash. As for the persons who have communicated with the patient any restrictions for them is not provided, child-care facilities are not closed in quarantine, but the contact of the patient to pregnant women has to be stopped completely.
Vaccination against rubella is available in the planned schedule of the main vaccinations. Most often vaccination is not done just against rubella. Usually the vaccine containing measles-rubella-parotitis is applied.