At making the diagnosis “rubella” the doctor relies on manifestation of characteristic rash, and also on terms in which it has been manifested, ways of its spreading and localization on the patient’s body. Such definition is very important, as the medicine knows a lot of illnesses with similar symptomatology (chicken pox, scarlet fever, etc.).
Diagnostics is done using a virology method of research which allows revealing the virus in a human body. Such method is used just during a certain period of development of the infection (one-two weeks from the moment of penetration into blood), and here the capture of smears from nose and throat is possible at rash.
Methods of the patient examination on antibodies to a virus are applied after rash manifestation, and also on the twentieth day after its manifestation. These antibodies in big concentration remain in blood of the person for the rest of his life, their existence allows to neutralize the active viruses getting from the outside.
Any special therapy for treatment of the disease has not been developed. At the disease are prescribed: bed rest, wholesome food, and for removing intoxication to drink a lot of liquid. From medicinal preparations only immune modulators and drugs are applied for elimination of symptomatic manifestations (antipyretic, expectorant, vasoconstrictors, etc.).
Complications after rubella are infrequent, but, however, occasionally take place. They are: encephalitis, arthritics, inflammation of middle ear and pneumonia. Chronic diseases can also become aggravated.